January 28, 2020 - 75% Of Voters Say Allow Witnesses In Senate Impeachment Trial, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; 53% Say President Trump Not Telling Truth About Ukraine Quinnipiac University Polling Logo
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On week two of the Senate impeachment trial of President Donald Trump, registered voters say 75 - 20 percent that witnesses should be allowed to testify in the impeachment trial, according to a Quinnipiac (KWIN- uh-pea-ack) University national poll released today. Support for witness testimony includes 49 percent of Republicans, 95 percent of Democrats, and 75 percent of independents.

"There may be heated debate among lawmakers about whether witnesses should testify at the impeachment trial of President Trump, but it's a different story outside the Beltway. Three-quarters of American voters say witnesses should be allowed to testify, and that includes nearly half of Republican voters," said Quinnipiac University Poll Analyst Mary Snow.

On the question of whether President Trump should be removed from office, voters remain divided, as 48 percent say the Senate should not remove President Trump from office, while 47 percent say the Senate should. That compares to a January 13 poll, conducted prior to the start of the Senate impeachment trial, in which 48 percent said the president should not be removed from office, while 46 percent said he should.

Among voters who say President Trump should not be removed from office, 77 percent say the president did nothing wrong in his actions involving Ukraine, while 14 percent say he did something wrong.

The overwhelming majority of voters who have an opinion on whether the Senate should vote to remove President Trump or not, 89 percent, say they've already made up their minds, while 10 percent say they might change their minds.

PRESIDENT TRUMP AND UKRAINE

More than half of voters, 53 - 40 percent, say President Trump is not telling the truth about his actions involving Ukraine. There are sharp divides along party lines, with 89 percent of Republicans saying the president is telling the truth and 92 percent of Democrats saying he is not telling the truth. More independents, 56 percent, believe President Trump is not telling the truth, compared to the 33 percent who say he is telling the truth.

A majority of voters, 57 percent, say they would like President Trump to provide more details about his actions involving Ukraine, while 38 percent say they are satisfied with the explanation he has provided.

More than half of voters, 54 percent, believe President Trump abused his power regarding his actions involving Ukraine, while 42 percent say he did not.

A similar 52 percent think that President Trump obstructed Congress regarding its investigation of his actions involving Ukraine, while 42 percent think he did not.

Just over half of American voters, 52 percent, think the Trump administration's withholding of U.S. aid to Ukraine was not justified, while 34 percent say it was justified.

Voters continue to tune into news about impeachment, as 57 percent say they are paying a lot of attention. This compares to 59 percent who said they were paying a lot of attention in mid-December 2019, before the Senate trial began.

Despite the ongoing impeachment trial, President Trump matches his highest job approval rating since taking office, as 43 percent of voters approve of the job he's doing and 52 percent disapprove. Republicans approve 94 - 4 percent, while Democrats disapprove 95 - 3 percent and independents disapprove 53 - 38 percent.

SENATE REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS ON IMPEACHMENT PROCESS

Voters don't think senators on either side of the aisle are open minded about the impeachment process. Only 16 percent of voters say Senate Republicans are open minded about the impeachment process, while 76 percent say Senate Republicans have already made up their minds. Only 15 percent of voters say Senate Democrats are open minded about the impeachment process, while 79 percent say Senate Democrats have already made up their minds.

DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY

With days to go before the Iowa caucuses, former Vice President Joe Biden holds a modest lead in the Democratic primary for president. Biden gets 26 percent of the vote among Democratic voters and independent voters who lean Democratic, while Senator Bernie Sanders gets 21 percent and Senator Elizabeth Warren receives 15 percent. Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg receives 8 percent, Senator Amy Klobuchar gets 7 percent, former South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg receives 6 percent, and businessman Andrew Yang gets 3 percent. No other candidate tops 2 percent.

In a January 13 poll, prior to the last debate, Biden had 25 percent of the vote, Sanders received 19 percent, Warren got 16 percent, Buttigieg had 8 percent, and Bloomberg got 6 percent.

"After months of leading national polls, Joe Biden's support is holding steady - but he no longer sits comfortably at the top of the Democratic presidential pack. Bernie Sanders' support breaks into the 20's for the first time, and Elizabeth Warren remains in third place. In their rearview mirror, small but steady moves are changing the line-up of candidates in single digits. There's not much daylight between Michael Bloomberg, Amy Klobuchar and Pete Buttigieg as they are within a 2 point spread of one another," Snow added.

There is plenty of room for movement in the Democratic primary race as 55 percent of Democrats and independents who lean Democratic say they might change their mind about their vote, while 43 percent say their mind is made up.

Motivation to vote in the primary is sky high as two thirds of these voters, 67 percent, say they are extremely motivated to vote in the primary, 18 percent say they are very motivated, and 12 percent say they are somewhat motivated. Only 3 percent say they are not so motivated or not motivated at all.

A little more than three quarters, 78 percent, say they are choosing a candidate with their head, while 13 percent say they are choosing a candidate with their heart.

Less than half of these voters, 46 percent, say the Democratic primary debates have influenced their decision in choosing a candidate, while 51 percent say the debates haven't influenced their vote.

Only 21 percent say the results of the Iowa caucuses will influence their decision about which Democratic presidential candidate to support, while 73 percent say those results will not influence their decision.

Although the candidates have stepped up their criticism of each other, Democrats and Democratic leaners don't appear concerned about the party ultimately unifying behind a candidate, as 79 percent say the Democratic party will unite behind whoever wins the 2020 Democratic primary, while 14 percent say it will not.

Looking at the candidates' strengths, Biden does best on electability and leadership, while Sanders wins on honesty and empathy, and Warren gets the top spot on intelligence. Taking a closer look:
  • Best chance of winning against Donald Trump: Biden 44 percent, Sanders 19 percent, Bloomberg 9 percent
  • Best leader: Biden 31 percent, Sanders 18 percent, Warren 17 percent
  • Cares the most about people like you: Sanders 28 percent, Biden 20 percent, Warren 19 percent
  • Most honest: Sanders 26 percent, Biden 17 percent, Warren 14 percent
  • Most intelligent: Warren 26 percent, Buttigieg 14 percent, Biden 13 percent
  • Best policy ideas: Sanders 22 percent, Warren 21 percent, Biden 18 percent
THE SUPER BOWL

Slightly more American adults will be rooting for the Kansas City Chiefs than for the San Francisco 49ers to win the Super Bowl, as 26 percent say they want the Chiefs to win, 21 percent want the 49ers to win, and 50 percent say they don't care who wins.

Most Americans, 56 percent, say they will be watching the Super Bowl, while 41 percent say they will not be watching the game.

From January 22 - 27, Quinnipiac University surveyed 1,905 self-identified registered voters nationwide with a margin of error of +/- 2.3 percentage points and 2,170 adults with a margin of error of +/- 2.1 percentage points. The survey includes 827 Democratic voters and independent voters who lean Democratic with a margin of error of +/- 3.4 percentage points.

The Quinnipiac University Poll, directed by Douglas Schwartz, Ph.D., conducts gold standard surveys using random digit dialing with live interviewers calling landlines and cell phones. The Quinnipiac University Poll conducts nationwide surveys and polls in more than a dozen states on national and statewide elections, as well as public policy issues.

Visit poll.qu.edu or www.facebook.com/quinnipiacpoll

Email poll@qu.edu, or follow us on Twitter @QuinnipiacPoll.

1. How much attention have you been paying to the election campaign for president; a lot, some, only a little, or none at all?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
A lot                50%    54%    57%    42%    53%    47%    56%    45%
Some                 28     28     27     30     26     29     31     30
Only a little        15     12     10     21     15     15      9     17
None at all           7      6      5      7      6      7      4      8
DK/NA                 1      1      1      -      -      1      -      -
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
A lot                39%    45%    56%    59%    53%    49%    50%    48%    42%
Some                 30     32     25     26     29     31     30     21     23
Only a little        24     14     13     10     12     14     13     21     24
None at all           6      9      6      4      6      6      6     10      6
DK/NA                 1      -      1      1      -      -      -      -      5
 
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
A lot                55%    68%    53%    50%    57%    53%    60%    49%    64%    53%
Some                 27     21     31     28     24     29     28     20     28     30
Only a little        12      9     12     13     13     11      7     20      7      8
None at all           6      2      4      8      6      6      4     11      1      8
DK/NA                 1      -      -      -      -      1      -      -      -      -
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
A lot                57%    48%    45%    47%    58%    66%    42%    62%    61%
Some                 27     25     35     28     24     22     31     23     27
Only a little        10     19     20     14      9      6     15     13      8
None at all           5      8      -     12      9      4     10      2      4
DK/NA                 1      -      -      -      -      1      3      -      -
 
TREND: How much attention have you been paying to the election campaign for president; a lot, some, only a little, or none at all?
                                     OnlyA   None
                     A lot   Some    Little  AtAll   DK/NA
 
Jan 28, 2020         50      28      15       7       1
Jan 13, 2020         51      28      14       8       -
Dec 16, 2019         54      25      14       7       - 
Dec 10, 2019         51      29      15       6       -
Nov 26, 2019         49      29      15       7       1
Oct 24, 2019         51      27      14       7       -
Oct 14, 2019         54      25      11       9       - 
Oct 08, 2019         53      24      15       8       -
Sep 25, 2019         48      25      17       8       1
Aug 28, 2019         47      30      16       6       1
See additional trend information at top of page


2. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) If the Democratic primary for president were being held today, and the candidates were: Joe Biden, Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren, Amy Klobuchar, Tulsi Gabbard, John Delaney, Pete Buttigieg, Andrew Yang, Michael Bennet, Tom Steyer, Deval Patrick, and Michael Bloomberg, for whom would you vote?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Biden                26%    17%    19%    33%    26%    25%    21%    49%    21%    20%
Sanders              21     35     22     13     26     17     18     17     16     22
Warren               15     27     19      8     12     18     16      7     18     14
Klobuchar             7      3      8      8      6      7      9      2     13      3
Gabbard               1      -      1      2      2      1      2      -      2      1
Delaney               -      -      -      -      1      -      -      1      -      -
Buttigieg             6      5      5      7      7      5      9      -      9     11
Yang                  3      3      2      4      3      3      3      4      3      3
Bennet                -      -      -      -      -      1      1      -      -      1
Steyer                2      1      2      3      1      2      3      1      2      5
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             8      3     11      9      7      8     10      7      9     11
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -      -      -      -      -      1      -      -
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
DK/NA                11      5     10     14      9     13      9     12      8     10
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Biden                28%    17%     3%    25%    36%    36%    30%    24%    24%
Sanders              20     24     53     16     11      7     28     22     14
Warren               17      9     23     19     12      9     12     20     17
Klobuchar             6      8      -      5     10     10      4      7      8
Gabbard               1      3      1      4      1      -      -      2      2
Delaney               -      -      -      -      1      -      -      -      -
Buttigieg             5      9      4      7      5      7      3      8      9
Yang                  3      3      4      5      2      -      4      2      4
Bennet                -      -      -      -      1      1      -      -      1
Steyer                1      5      1      3      3      1      2      2      1
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             7      9      2      8      4     14      5      4     13
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      1      1      -      -      -      -      1      -
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
DK/NA                11     11      7      7     14     15     13      9      8
 
                     ATTN TO PRES CAMPAIGN Q1    MOTIVATED TO VOTE Q9......
                                   Little/                     Smwht/NotSo/
                     A lot  Some   None          Extr   Very   NotAtAll
 
Biden                28%    22%    24%           26%    24%    26%
Sanders              17     29     23            20     28     18
Warren               17     15     10            17     15      9
Klobuchar             9      6      2             8      5      1
Gabbard               1      1      2             1      -      5
Delaney               -      -      1             -      -      -
Buttigieg             7      6      2             5      6      7
Yang                  2      3      4             3      4      1
Bennet                -      -      1             1      -      -
Steyer                1      3      3             2      -      3
Patrick               -      -      -             -      -      -
Bloomberg             9      6      7             7      8      8
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -             -      -      1
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      -      -      -             -      -      -
DK/NA                 9      7     21            10     11     21
 
                     CHOOSE CANDIDATE W/ Q11
                     Head   Heart
 
Biden                27%    36%
Sanders              25     16
Warren               17     17
Klobuchar             8      6
Gabbard               2      -
Delaney               -      2
Buttigieg             7      6
Yang                  2      9
Bennet                -      -
Steyer                2      4
Patrick               -      -
Bloomberg             9      4
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -
WLDN'T VOTE(VOL)      -      -
DK/NA                 -      -
 
TREND: (If Democrat or Democratic Leaner) If the Democratic primary for president were being held today, and the candidates were: Joe Biden, Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren, Amy Klobuchar, Tulsi Gabbard, John Delaney, Pete Buttigieg, Andrew Yang, Michael Bennet, Tom Steyer, Deval Patrick, and Michael Bloomberg, for whom would you vote? (Trend information is available upon request back through Mar 2019)
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS..........................................
                     Jan 28  Jan 13  Dec 16  Dec 10  Nov 26  Oct 24  Oct 14  Oct 08  Sep 25  
                     2020    2020    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    
                             
Biden                26      25      30      29      24      21      27      26      25      
Sanders              21      19      16      17      13      15      11      16      16      
Warren               15      16      17      15      14      28      30      29      27      
Klobuchar             7       4       3       3       3       3       2       2       2      
Gabbard               1       1       1       2       1       1       -       -       1      
Delaney               -       -       -       1       -       -       -       -       -      
Buttigieg             6       8       9       9      16      10       8       4       7      
Yang                  3       5       3       4       2       1       2       3       2      
Bennet                -       1       -       1       2       -       1       1       1      
Steyer                2       1       1       1       -       1       2       -       -      
Patrick               -       1       -       -       -      na      na      na      na      
Bloomberg             8       6       7       5       3      na      na      na      na      
Booker               na       1       2       1       2       1       2       2       -      
Castro               na      na       1       1       2       1       1       1       2      
Williamson           na      na       -       1       -       -       -       -       -      
Bullock              na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -       -      
Harris               na      na      na      na       3       5       4       3       3      
Sestak               na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -       -      
Messam               na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -      
O'Rourke             na      na      na      na      na       1       2       1       2      
Ryan                 na      na      na      na      na       -       -       1       -      
de Blasio            na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      
Gillibrand           na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      
Gravel               na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      
Hickenlooper         na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      
Inslee               na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      
Moulton              na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      
Swalwell             na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      na      
SMONE ELSE            -       -       -       -       -       1       -       1       -      
WLDN'T VOTE           -       1       -       1       1       1       2       1       1      
DK/NA                11      11      10      11      11       9       8       8      13      
 
 
2a. (If candidate chosen q2) Is your mind made up, or do you think you might change your mind before the primary?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS....................
                     CANDIDATE CHOSEN Q2.............................
                            CANDIDATE OF CHOICE Q2...................
                     Tot    Biden  Sanders Warren Bloomberg Klobuchar
 
Made up              43%    51%    56%     36%    26%       20%
Might change         55     49     43      62     69        80
DK/NA                 1      -      1       2      4         -
 
TREND: (If candidate chosen) Is your mind made up, or do you think you might change your mind before the primary?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS
                     CANDIDATE CHOSEN.....
                     MadeUp  Change  DK/NA
 
Jan 28, 2020         43      55       1
Jan 13, 2020         35      63       1
Dec 16, 2019         38      61       1
Dec 10, 2019         39      59       2
Nov 26, 2019         33      64       3
Sep 25, 2019         34      63       3
 
 
2b. (If candidate chosen q2) Who is your second choice?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS....................
                            CANDIDATE OF CHOICE Q2...................
                     Tot    Biden  Sanders Warren Bloomberg Klobuchar
 
Biden                15%     -     22%     20%    33%       22%
Sanders              11     13      -      35      4         9
Warren               17     17     44       -     13        17
Klobuchar             7     16      1       9      4         -
Gabbard               1      1      3       -      -         -
Delaney               -      1      1       -      -         -
Buttigieg            12      9     12      15     16        36
Yang                  4      2      6       9      -         3
Bennet                -      -      -       -      1         1
Steyer                2      2      3       1      4         1
Patrick               -      1      -       -      -         -
Bloomberg             5     13      1       3      -         8
No first choice      12      -      -       -      -         -
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      1       -      -         -
DK/NA                13     25      7       6     25         3
 
TREND: (If candidate chosen) Who is your second choice?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS..........
                     Jan 28  Jan 13  Dec 16  Dec 10  Nov 26
                     2020    2020    2019    2019    2019
                                             
Biden                15      13      13      13      12
Sanders              11      18      14      11      11
Warren               17      19      21      16      20
Klobuchar             7       3       5       5       4
Gabbard               1       1       1       -       1
Delaney               -       -       -       -       -
Buttigieg            12       7       9      11      10
Yang                  4       2       2       3       2
Bennet                -       -       -       -       -
Steyer                2       2       1       1       1
Patrick               -       1       -       1       -
Bloomberg             5       7       6       4       2
Booker               na       4       3       4       2
Castro               na      na       1       -       -
Williamson           na      na       -       1       -
Bullock              na      na      na      na       -
Harris               na      na      na      na       6
Sestak               na      na      na      na       -
No first choice      12      12      10      12      12
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -       1       -       1       -
DK/NA                13      11      14      16      16
                             
 
3. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think - would be the best leader?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Biden                31%    22%    24%    37%    27%    33%    25%    52%    26%    24%
Sanders              18     29     20     11     23     15     16     15     14     18
Warren               17     28     22      8     13     19     19      7     20     17
Klobuchar             6      3      8      6      4      6      8      1     11      3
Gabbard               1      -      1      2      1      1      1      -      1      -
Delaney               -      -      -      -      1      -      -      1      -      -
Buttigieg             5      4      2      7      7      3      7      -      8      6
Yang                  2      1      1      3      3      2      2      4      2      3
Bennet                -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Steyer                1      1      -      2      1      1      2      1      1      3
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             9      4     12     10      9      9     11      8     10     12
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -      1      -      -      -      1      -      -
DK/NA                11      7      9     12     11     11      9     10      7     14
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Biden                32%    26%    14%    26%    40%    39%    33%    27%    29%
Sanders              16     25     41     18     12      5     24     18     13
Warren               19      7     26     20     12     11     11     20     20
Klobuchar             5      6      1      5      9      6      3      7      7
Gabbard               1      2      1      2      1      1      -      1      1
Delaney               -      -      -      -      1      -      1      -      -
Buttigieg             4      7      4      5      7      4      2      7      7
Yang                  2      3      4      4      -      -      4      2      1
Bennet                -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Steyer                1      3      -      3      2      1      1      2      1
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             9     10      2     10      7     16      5      5     16
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      1      1      -      -      -      -      1      -
DK/NA                11     10      6      7      9     17     15      9      5
 
TREND: (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think would be the best leader?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS..........................................
                     Jan 28  Dec 16  Nov 26  Oct 24  Oct 14  Aug 06  Jul 29  Jul 02  Apr 30
                     2020    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019
                                     
Biden                31      32      26      28      32      33      36      26      44
Sanders              18      14      12      13       9      13      12      15      11
Warren               17      19      19      24      28      22      17      15      11
Klobuchar             6       3       3       3       2       1       1       1       1
Gabbard               1       1       -       -       -       1       -       1       -
Delaney               -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -
Buttigieg             5       6      12       8       7       5       5       4       7
Yang                  2       2       2       1       1       1       1       -       -
Bennet                -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -      na
Steyer                1       1       -       -       1       -       -      na      na
Patrick               -       -       -      na      na      na      na      na      na
Bloomberg             9       8       3      na      na      na      na      na      na
Booker               na       2       1       1       1       2       1       3       2
Castro               na       1       -       -       1       1       -       1       1
Williamson           na       -       -       -       -       -       1       -       -
Bullock              na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -      na
Harris               na      na       4       4       4       7       9      16       6
Sestak               na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -      na
Messam               na      na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -
O'Rourke             na      na      na       1       1       1       1       1       3
Ryan                 na      na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -
de Blasio            na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -      na
Gillibrand           na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       1
Gravel               na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -      na
Hickenlooper         na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -
Inslee               na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -
Moulton              na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -
Swalwell             na      na      na      na      na      na      na       -       -
SMONE ELSE            -       -       1       1       1       -       -       -       -
DK/NA                11      12      15      13      11      12      15      15      12
 
 
4. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think - has the best policy ideas?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Biden                18%    11%    14%    23%    13%    21%    15%    30%    14%    18%
Sanders              22     38     22     13     26     19     20     20     19     22
Warren               21     30     27     13     20     21     21     10     26     14
Klobuchar             6      3      7      7      6      6      8      3     10      4
Gabbard               -      -      -      1      1      -      -      -      1      -
Delaney               -      -      -      -      1      -      -      1      -      -
Buttigieg             6      5      7      6      5      6     10      -     11      8
Yang                  3      3      1      4      4      2      4      3      4      4
Bennet                -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Steyer                2      2      1      3      1      3      4      -      2      7
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             6      1      5      9      7      5      6      6      5      9
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
DK/NA                16      7     16     19     15     16     11     27      9     14
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Biden                20%    12%     3%    12%    24%    29%    22%    14%    15%
Sanders              21     26     50     23     13      6     25     25     17
Warren               22     16     26     22     22     15     15     23     26
Klobuchar             6      8      2      4      8      8      2      8      8
Gabbard               -      1      1      1      1      -      -      1      1
Delaney               -      -      -      -      1      -      1      -      -
Buttigieg             6      6      5      8      6      6      3      5     11
Yang                  2      5      5      1      3      1      3      3      4
Bennet                -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Steyer                2      4      1      3      2      3      2      2      2
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             6      7      -      3      6     10      4      3      9
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
DK/NA                16     15      7     22     14     20     22     16      7
 
TREND: (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think has the best policy ideas?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS..........................................
                     Jan 28  Dec 16  Nov 26  Oct 24  Oct 14  Aug 06  Jul 29  Jul 02  Apr 30
                     2020    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019
                                     
Biden                18      23      15      15      16      17      21      11      23
Sanders              22      19      15      20      12      16      16      18      16
Warren               21      19      23      30      40      32      26      31      19
Klobuchar             6       3       4       3       2       1       1       1       1
Gabbard               -       1       -       -       -       1       1       1       -
Delaney               -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -
Buttigieg             6       8      14       9       6       5       5       3       9
Yang                  3       4       3       2       2       1       2       -       1
Bennet                -       -       1       -       -       -       -       -      na
Steyer                2       1       1       -       1       -       -      na      na
Patrick               -       -       -      na      na      na      na      na      na
Bloomberg             6       4       -      na      na      na      na      na      na
Booker               na       2       -       1       1       1       1       2       1
Castro               na       1       1       -       -       -       1       1       -
Williamson           na       -       -       -       -       -       1       -       -
Bullock              na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -      na
Harris               na      na       2       4       1       5       6       8       7
Sestak               na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -      na
Messam               na      na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -
O'Rourke             na      na      na       1       2       1       1       -       2
Ryan                 na      na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -
de Blasio            na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -      na
Gillibrand           na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       1
Gravel               na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -      na
Hickenlooper         na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -
Inslee               na      na      na      na      na       1       -       -       1
Moulton              na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -
Swalwell             na      na      na      na      na      na      na       -       -
SMONE ELSE            -       -       1       1       -       -       -       -       -
DK/NA                16      16      19      13      16      17      20      22      19
                             
 
5. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think - has the best chance of winning against Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential election?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Biden                44%    36%    42%    51%    41%    46%    42%    57%    47%    33%
Sanders              19     35     20     10     23     15     17     14     15     20
Warren                7     11     11      2      4      8      7      5      7      8
Klobuchar             2      1      3      2      2      2      2      -      2      2
Gabbard               -      -      -      -      1      -      -      -      -      -
Delaney               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Buttigieg             2      1      2      3      3      1      3      -      3      2
Yang                  1      1      -      2      2      1      2      2      2      2
Bennet                -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Steyer                1      1      -      1      -      1      1      -      -      3
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             9      4      8     12      9      8     10     10      9     11
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -      -      -      -      -      1      -      -
DK/NA                16     10     16     16     14     16     16     11     14     20
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Biden                46%    40%    25%    45%    54%    51%    43%    40%    49%
Sanders              17     25     45     24      7      5     22     22     15
Warren                8      3     11      5      5      6      5     11      6
Klobuchar             1      3      -      1      4      2      1      2      2
Gabbard               -      -      -      -      -      1      -      -      -
Delaney               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Buttigieg             2      3      3      2      2      1      1      4      1
Yang                  2      1      3      3      -      -      3      1      1
Bennet                -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Steyer                -      1      -      3      -      -      1      1      -
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             9      8      2      6      7     16      8      5     13
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      1      1      -      -      -      -      1      -
DK/NA                16     15     10     11     21     18     17     13     13
 
TREND: (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think has the best chance of winning against Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential election?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS..........................................
                     Jan 28  Dec 16  Nov 26  Oct 24  Oct 14  Aug 06  Jul 29  Jul 02  Apr 30
                     2020    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019    2019
                                     
Biden                44      44      46      42      48      49      51      42      56
Sanders              19      15      10      14       7      12      10      13      12
Warren                7       9      10      20      21       9       8       9       3
Klobuchar             2       1       1       1       -       -       -       -       -
Gabbard               -       1       1       -       -       -       -       1       -
Delaney               -       -       -       -       -       -       1       -       -
Buttigieg             2       3       6       2       2       1       1       1       4
Yang                  1       1       1       -       -       1       -       -       -
Bennet                -       -       1       -       -       -       -       -      na
Steyer                1       -       -       1       1       -       -      na      na
Patrick               -       -       -      na      na      na      na      na      na
Bloomberg             9       7       3      na      na      na      na      na      na
Booker               na       -       -       1       1       1       1       1       3
Castro               na       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -
Williamson           na       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -
Bullock              na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -      na
Harris               na      na       1       3       1       6       8      14       2
Sestak               na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -      na
Messam               na      na      na       -       -       -       -       -       -
O'Rourke             na      na      na       -       1       2       -       -       3
Ryan                 na      na      na       -       -       1       -       -       -
de Blasio            na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -      na
Gillibrand           na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       1
Gravel               na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -      na
Hickenlooper         na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -
Inslee               na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -
Moulton              na      na      na      na      na       -       -       -       -
Swalwell             na      na      na      na      na      na      na       -       -
SMONE ELSE            -       -       -       1       -       1       -       -       1
DK/NA                16      19      20      15      16      17      20      17      15
 
 
6. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think - cares the most about people like you?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Biden                20%    12%    11%    27%    16%    22%    14%    41%    14%    15%
Sanders              28     40     37     17     32     26     26     22     24     30
Warren               19     25     23     15     16     21     22     13     25     17
Klobuchar             4      3      6      4      3      5      5      2      8      2
Gabbard               -      -      1      1      1      -      -      -      1      -
Delaney               -      -      -      1      -      -      -      -      -      -
Buttigieg             6      5      6      6      7      5      9      -      8     10
Yang                  3      3      1      4      4      1      3      2      3      5
Bennet                -      1      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Steyer                2      1      1      3      1      3      3      -      2      5
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             5      1      5      7      7      4      5      5      5      7
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -      1      -      -      -      1      -      1
DK/NA                12      9      9     14     12     12     10     14     11      9
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Biden                20%    19%     2%    11%    28%    32%    22%    18%    16%
Sanders              28     29     64     29     15     13     29     35     25
Warren               21     13     19     23     22     15     16     18     24
Klobuchar             4      6      2      -      6      7      1      6      6
Gabbard               -      1      -      1      1      -      -      1      1
Delaney               -      -      -      -      1      -      1      -      -
Buttigieg             6      5      3      6      6      7      3      7      8
Yang                  2      4      5      5      1      -      3      2      3
Bennet                -      -      -      1      -      1      1      -      -
Steyer                2      3      -      3      5      2      3      1      2
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             5      6      -      5      5      7      4      1      9
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      1      1      -      1      -      1      1      -
DK/NA                12     13      4     16     10     16     17     11      6
 
TREND: (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think cares the most about people like you?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS..
                     Jan 28  Dec 16  Nov 26  Oct 24
                     2020    2019    2019    2019
                                     
Biden                20      20      19      14
Sanders              28      24      24      28
Warren               19      19      18      24
Klobuchar             4       3       5       3
Gabbard               -       1       -       -
Delaney               -       -       -       -
Buttigieg             6       6       8       7
Yang                  3       3       2       1
Bennet                -       -       1       -
Steyer                2       1       1       1
Patrick               -       -       -      na
Bloomberg             5       2       1      na
Booker               na       3       2       1
Castro               na       1       2       1
Williamson           na       -       -       -
Bullock              na      na       -       -
Harris               na      na       2       5
Sestak               na      na       -       -
Messam               na      na      na       -
O'Rourke             na      na      na       1
Ryan                 na      na      na       -
SMONE ELSE            -       -       1       -
DK/NA                12      17      15      12
 
 
7. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think - is the most honest?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Biden                17%    12%    13%    21%    13%    20%    14%    32%    13%    15%
Sanders              26     36     32     18     29     24     23     20     21     28
Warren               14     25     16      7     13     15     14     15     17     10
Klobuchar             5      4      7      6      6      5      8      1     10      5
Gabbard               1      -      1      2      2      1      1      1      1      -
Delaney               -      -      -      1      1      -      -      1      -      -
Buttigieg             6      5      5      8      7      6      8      4     10      6
Yang                  5      4      4      6      6      4      5      4      7      3
Bennet                -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Steyer                2      2      2      3      1      3      3      1      2      5
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             5      1      6      7      6      4      5      6      4      8
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
DK/NA                17      9     15     21     17     17     17     17     14     22
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Biden                18%    15%     2%    12%    20%    29%    19%    16%    14%
Sanders              26     26     55     27     18     10     28     28     24
Warren               15      8     19     17     13      8     11     18     16
Klobuchar             6      4      1      4      6     10      3      5      7
Gabbard               -      3      1      1      1      1      1      2      1
Delaney               1      -      -      -      2      -      1      -      -
Buttigieg             6      8      3      8      7      8      5      6      8
Yang                  5      6     10      4      5      2      4      5      7
Bennet                -      -      -      -      -      1      -      -      -
Steyer                2      4      -      4      3      3      2      2      3
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             5      5      -      3      7      8      4      2      8
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -      -      1      -      -      -      -
DK/NA                16     21      9     20     18     20     21     15     12
 
TREND: (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think is the most honest?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS..
                     Jan 28  Dec 16  Nov 26  Oct 24
                     2020    2019    2019    2019
                                     
Biden                17      18      15      15
Sanders              26      28      25      28
Warren               14      10      14      15
Klobuchar             5       4       2       4
Gabbard               1       1       -       1
Delaney               -       -       -       -
Buttigieg             6       8      13      11
Yang                  5       4       3       2
Bennet                -       -       1       -
Steyer                2       1       -       1
Patrick               -       -       -      na
Bloomberg             5       3       -      na
Booker               na       3       2       2
Castro               na       1       1       1
Williamson           na       -       -       -
Bullock              na      na       -       -
Harris               na      na       2       2
Sestak               na      na       -       -
Messam               na      na      na       -
O'Rourke             na      na      na       2
Ryan                 na      na      na       -
SMONE ELSE            -       -       1       -
DK/NA                17      21      20      17
 
 
8. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think - is the most intelligent?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Biden                13%     9%     7%    16%     8%    16%     8%    28%     7%     9%
Sanders              12     22     12      7     14     11     10     12      7     15
Warren               26     38     32     18     25     27     30     19     36     21
Klobuchar             3      1      4      4      3      3      4      1      4      5
Gabbard               1      -      -      2      2      -      1      -      1      -
Delaney               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Buttigieg            14     13     14     16     16     12     17      8     20     14
Yang                  5      5      5      6      6      5      5      4      5      4
Bennet                -      1      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Steyer                2      1      3      1      1      2      2      -      1      4
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             6      1      6      9      7      5      7      6      5      9
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      -      -      -      -      -      -      1      -      -
DK/NA                17     10     17     21     17     17     16     20     15     19
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Biden                14%    10%     7%     8%    15%    17%    20%     9%     8%
Sanders              12     14     28     12      8      5     18     11      6
Warren               29     17     30     37     26     17     16     35     33
Klobuchar             3      4      1      1      4      6      2      2      4
Gabbard               1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1
Delaney               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Buttigieg            14     14      9     11     17     18      8     17     19
Yang                  5      6     10      5      6      2      5      3      9
Bennet                -      -      -      1      -      -      -      -      -
Steyer                1      4      2      3      1      1      3      2      1
Patrick               -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
Bloomberg             5      9      -      5      9      9      6      4      7
SMONE ELSE(VOL)       -      1      1      -      -      -      -      1      -
DK/NA                17     20     12     17     13     23     21     16     12
 
TREND: (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Regardless of how you intend to vote in the Democratic primary for president, which candidate do you think is the most intelligent?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS
                     Jan 28  Dec 16  Nov 26
                     2020    2019    2019
                             
Biden                13      11      11
Sanders              12      13       9
Warren               26      23      22
Klobuchar             3       2       2
Gabbard               1       1       -
Delaney               -       1       -
Buttigieg            14      15      22
Yang                  5       4       4
Bennet                -       -       -
Steyer                2       1       -
Patrick               -       1       -
Bloomberg             6       7       1
Booker               na       1       2
Castro               na       -       1
Williamson           na       -       -
Bullock              na      na       -
Harris               na      na       4
Sestak               na      na       -
SMONE ELSE            -       -       1
DK/NA                17      21      21
 
 
9. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) How motivated are you to vote in the Democratic primary in your state: extremely motivated, very motivated, somewhat motivated, not so motivated, or not motivated at all?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Extremely motivated  67%    76%    61%    67%    64%    68%    72%    64%    76%    65%
Very motivated       18     16     26     14     19     17     15     19     10     24
Somewhat motivated   12      5      9     14     12     12      8     16      9      6
Not so motivated      2      1      1      3      3      1      2      1      2      3
Not motivated at all  1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1
DK/NA                 1      1      1      1      1      1      1      -      2      -
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Extremely motivated  68%    61%    60%    61%    73%    73%    57%    69%    73%
Very motivated       18     18     27     15     14     16     22     19     14
Somewhat motivated   11     13     11     18      9      7     17      8      8
Not so motivated      2      4      -      5      3      1      2      2      3
Not motivated at all  1      1      1      -      2      1      1      1      1
DK/NA                 -      3      -      1      1      2      1      1      1
 
 
10. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Have the Democratic primary debates influenced your decision in choosing a candidate, or not?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Yes/Influenced       46%    56%    44%    42%    41%    49%    45%    38%    48%    39%
No                   51     44     53     56     57     47     52     59     50     56
DK/NA                 3      -      3      2      2      4      3      3      1      6
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Yes/Influenced       46%    44%    59%    48%    40%    37%    47%    46%    45%
No                   50     55     39     51     55     60     48     52     54
DK/NA                 4      1      2      -      5      3      5      2      1
 
 
11. (If candidate chosen q2) Would you say you are choosing a candidate with your head or your heart?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                     CANDIDATE CHOSEN Q2................................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Head                 78%    80%    78%    78%    83%    74%    84%    63%    84%    85%
Heart                13     12     11     14     13     13     10     21     10      9
DK/NA                 9      9     11      7      4     13      6     15      6      7
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Head                 76%    83%    82%    81%    74%    80%    71%    84%    81%
Heart                15      8     11     13     17     12     15     11     12
DK/NA                 9      9      7      6      9      8     13      4      7
 
                     CANDIDATE OF CHOICE Q2...................
                     Biden  Sanders Warren Bloomberg Klobuchar
 
Head                 72%    82%     76%    81%       87%
Heart                17      9      13      6        11
DK/NA                11      9      11     13         2
 
 
12. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Do you think the results of the Iowa caucuses will influence your decision about which Democratic presidential candidate to support, or don't you think so?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Yes/Will influence   21%    23%    19%    21%    22%    20%    20%    16%    20%    20%
No                   73     70     74     75     76     71     76     74     76     74
DK/NA                 7      7      7      4      2      9      5     10      4      6
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Yes/Will influence   22%    14%    30%    23%    19%    14%    21%    19%    24%
No                   70     83     64     73     79     78     71     73     73
DK/NA                 8      3      6      4      2      8      7      8      4
 
 
13. (If Democrat or Democratic leaner) Do you think the Democratic party will unite behind whoever wins the 2020 primary, or not?
                     DEMOCRATS/DEMOCRATIC LEANERS.......................................
                            POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY                             WHITE......
                            LIBERAL.....  Mod/                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Very   Smwht  Cons   Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Yes    No
 
Yes                  79%    77%    81%    80%    76%    81%    80%    73%    83%    75%
No                   14     19     10     14     19     11     14     15     11     18
DK/NA                 7      4      9      6      5      8      6     12      5      7
 
                     PARTYID.....  AGE IN YRS..............    INCOME.............
                     Dem    DemLn  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    <50k   50-100 100k+
 
Yes                  80%    76%    66%    80%    84%    86%    73%    84%    83%
No                   13     20     28     17     11      5     18     13     13
DK/NA                 8      3      6      3      6      9      9      3      4
 
                     CANDIDATE OF CHOICE Q2...................
                     Biden  Sanders Warren Bloomberg Klobuchar
 
Yes                  82%    71%     82%    81%       93%
No                   11     27       9      9         6
DK/NA                 6      2       8      9         2
 
 
14. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Donald Trump is handling his job as president?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG   Wht
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No     Evang
 
Approve              43%    94%     3%    38%    49%    37%    44%    58%    75%
Disapprove           52      4     95     53     46     59     54     36     21
DK/NA                 5      2      3      8      6      4      3      5      4
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              31%    44%    49%    41%    55%    47%    51%    12%    26%
Disapprove           61     51     48     55     39     50     45     82     62
DK/NA                 7      4      3      4      6      3      4      6     11
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Donald Trump is handling his job as president?
                     App     Dis     DK/NA
 
Jan 28, 2020         43      52       5 
Jan 13, 2020         43      52       5 
Dec 16, 2019         43      52       5 
Dec 10, 2019         41      55       4
Nov 26, 2019         40      54       6
Oct 23, 2019         38      58       5
Oct 14, 2019         41      54       5
Oct 08, 2019         40      54       6
Sep 30, 2019         41      53       6
Sep 25, 2019         40      55       5
See additional trend information at top of page


14a. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Donald Trump is handling his job as president? COMBINED WITH: (If approve/disapprove q14) Do you strongly or somewhat approve/disapprove?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG   Wht
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No     Evang
 
Approve strongly     34%    83%     1%    24%    40%    29%    33%    51%    65%
Approve smwht         8     10      1     14      8      7     11      6      9
Disapprove smwht      6      2      4     11      7      5      4      6      4
Disapprove strongly  47      2     91     43     39     54     49     30     17
DK/NA                 5      3      3      8      6      4      3      6      5
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve strongly     24%    29%    42%    36%    45%    39%    42%     9%    19%
Approve smwht         7     15      7      5      9      8      9      3      7
Disapprove smwht     13      5      4      2      5      5      5      4     10
Disapprove strongly  48     46     43     52     34     45     40     78     52
DK/NA                 7      5      4      5      6      3      5      6     11
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Donald Trump is handling his job as president? COMBINED WITH: (If approve/disapprove) Do you strongly or somewhat approve/disapprove?
                     APPROVE......   DISAPPROVE.....
                     Strngly Smwht   Smwht   Strngly DK/NA
 
Jan 28, 2020         34       8       6      47       5
Jan 13, 2020         34       9       6      46       6
Dec 16, 2019         34       9       5      46       6
Dec 10, 2019         31      10       5      49       4
Nov 26, 2019         32       7       4      50       6
Oct 23, 2019         28       9       4      53       5
Oct 14, 2019         31      10       5      48       5
Oct 08, 2019         29      11       6      47       7
Sep 30, 2019         35       6       4      48       7 
Sep 25, 2019         29      11       7      48       5
See additional trend information at top of page


15. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Mitch McConnell is handling his job as Majority Leader of the U.S. Senate?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Approve              33%    68%     6%    32%    38%    28%    35%    40%
Disapprove           50     16     81     49     47     53     54     42
DK/NA                17     16     12     19     14     19     11     18
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              22%    25%    43%    38%    41%    35%    38%    17%    25%
Disapprove           51     54     48     51     46     50     48     65     50
DK/NA                27     21      9     11     13     16     14     17     25
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Mitch McConnell is handling his job as Majority Leader of the U.S. Senate?
                     App     Dis     DK/NA
 
Jan 28, 2020         33      50      17
Jan 13, 2020         36      49      15
Oct 23, 2019         24      57      19
Sep 30, 2019         28      57      15
Apr 25, 2018         22      62      16
 
 
16. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Chuck Schumer is handling his job as Minority Leader of the U.S. Senate?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Approve              35%    11%    62%    31%    32%    37%    42%    23%
Disapprove           44     72     18     46     49     39     42     55
DK/NA                21     16     19     24     18     24     16     22
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              24%    33%    37%    46%    30%    36%    33%    54%    32%
Disapprove           37     44     50     40     53     44     48     23     32
DK/NA                39     23     14     13     17     21     19     22     35
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Chuck Schumer is handling his job as Minority Leader of the U.S. Senate?
                     App     Dis     DK/NA
 
Jan 28, 2020         35      44      21
Jan 13, 2020         36      46      19
Apr 25, 2018         34      46      20
 
 
17. How much of the time do you think you can trust the government in Washington to do what is right; almost all of the time, most of the time, only some of the time, or hardly ever?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Almost all the time   3%     5%     2%     1%     3%     3%     1%     4%
Most of the time     14     15     16     11     14     13     16     14
Some of the time     51     50     55     51     50     53     56     47
Hardly ever          30     27     26     34     31     29     25     31
DK/NA                 2      4      1      2      2      3      2      3
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Almost all the time   3%     -      2%     5%     2%     3%     3%     4%     1%
Most of the time     14     10     14     18     15     15     15      7     16
Some of the time     53     52     53     48     51     52     51     55     56
Hardly ever          29     36     30     27     29     27     28     33     24
DK/NA                 1      2      1      3      2      3      2      -      3
 
TREND: How much of the time do you think you can trust the government in Washington to do what is right; almost all of the time, most of the time, only some of the time, or hardly ever?
                     Almost                  Hardly
                     All     Most    Some    Ever    DK/NA
 
Jan 28, 2020          3      14      51      30       2
Jan 24, 2018          2      12      54      30       1
Mar 22, 2017          1      16      56      26       2
Feb 07, 2017          4      19      47      29       2 
Jan 10, 2017          2      16      52      27       3
Aug 31, 2015          2      13      51      34       1
Nov 26, 2014          2      12      50      34       1
Jul 02, 2014          2      12      49      37       1
Jan 21, 2014          2      13      50      33       2
Dec 10, 2013          1      11      46      41       1 
See additional trend information at top of page


18. (Intro: As you may know, the House of Representatives has voted to impeach President Trump following their investigation into the president's actions involving Ukraine. The Senate is holding a trial to decide whether or not he should be removed from office.) Do you think the Senate should vote to remove President Trump from office, or don't you think so?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Vote to remove   47%     2%    92%    44%    39%    55%    49%    31%
No                   48     97      4     48     56     41     48     65
DK/NA                 5      -      4      8      5      4      3      4
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Vote to remove   52%    48%    43%    51%    34%    45%    40%    77%    58%
No                   43     47     54     44     61     52     57     15     34
DK/NA                 5      4      4      5      4      3      3      7      9
 
TREND: Do you think the Senate should vote to remove President Trump from office, or don't you think so?
                     Yes/
                     Vote    No      DK/NA
 
Jan 28, 2020         47      48       5
Jan 13, 2020         46      48       6
 
 
18a. (If response on removal q18) Is your mind made up about whether the Senate should vote to remove President Trump from office, or do you think you might change your mind?
                     HAVE RESPONSE ON REMOVAL Q18...............................
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Made up              89%    93%    92%    84%    87%    90%    88%    89%
Might change         10      5      8     15     11      9     10      9
DK/NA                 1      2      1      1      2      1      1      2
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Made up              80%    90%    91%    92%    87%    90%    89%    95%    83%
Might change         19      9      9      6     10      9     10      4     16
DK/NA                 1      2      1      2      2      1      2      1      1
 
                     VOTE TO REMOVE Q18
                     Yes    No
 
Made up              91%    87%
Might change          8     12
DK/NA                 1      2
 
 
18b. (If no to removal q18) Would you say that President Trump did something wrong in his actions involving Ukraine, or would you say that he did nothing wrong in his actions involving Ukraine?
                     NO TO REMOVAL Q18.....................
                                          WHITE......
                                          COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Did something wrong  14%    14%    14%    15%    12%
Did nothing wrong    77     77     77     75     80
DK/NA                 9      8      9     10      9
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom
 
Did something wrong  22%    23%    11%     8%    13%    13%
Did nothing wrong    68     70     82     84     78     77
DK/NA                11      7      7      8      9     10
 
 
18c. Do you think the Senate should vote to remove President Trump from office, or don't you think so? COMBINED WITH: (If no to removal q18) Would you say that President Trump did something wrong in his actions involving Ukraine, or would you say that he did nothing wrong in his actions involving Ukraine?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Vote to remove       47%     2%    92%    44%    39%    55%    49%    31%
No to remove/
 Did something wrong  7      7      2     12      8      6      7      7
No to remove/
 Did nothing wrong   37     85      2     30     43     31     36     52
DK/NA                 9      5      4     15     10      8      8     10
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Vote to remove       52%    48%    43%    51%    34%    45%    40%    77%    58%
No to remove/
 Did something wrong  9     11      6      4      8      7      7      4      7
No to remove/
 Did nothing wrong   29     33     44     37     48     40     44     11     25
DK/NA                10      8      7      8     10      8      9      7     11
 
 
19. How much attention have you been paying to news about impeachment: a lot, some, only a little, or none at all?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
A lot                57%    63%    61%    48%    60%    54%    64%    56%
Some                 29     23     29     35     28     31     28     28
Only a little        11     11      7     14      9     13      7     13
None at all           2      2      2      2      2      2      1      3
DK/NA                 -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
A lot                43%    51%    64%    71%    62%    58%    60%    48%    49%
Some                 41     35     23     20     26     29     28     36     32
Only a little        14     12     10      7     10     10     10     13     16
None at all           2      3      3      2      2      3      2      2      3
DK/NA                 -      -      -      -      -      -      -      1      -
 
TREND: How much attention have you been paying to news about impeachment: a lot, some, only a little, or none at all?
                                     OnlyA   None
                     A lot   Some    Little  AtAll   DK/NA
 
Jan 28, 2020         57      29      11       2       - 
Dec 16, 2019         59      26      12       3       -
Nov 26, 2019         59      27      10       4       -
Oct 08, 2019         61      25      10       3       1
 
 
20. Do you think witnesses should be allowed to testify in the Senate impeachment trial of President Trump, or not?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Be allowed       75%    49%    95%    75%    70%    79%    73%    68%
No                   20     43      3     18     26     15     22     26
DK/NA                 5      8      2      7      5      6      5      6
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Be allowed       86%    81%    69%    67%    66%    75%    71%    89%    81%
No                   10     16     27     25     29     19     24      7     16
DK/NA                 4      3      4      7      5      6      6      4      4
 
 
21. Are you satisfied with the explanation President Trump has given about his actions involving Ukraine, or would you like to hear him provide more details?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Satisfied            38%    76%    10%    32%    40%    35%    41%    47%
Hear more details    57     21     85     61     55     59     55     47
DK/NA                 5      3      5      7      5      6      4      6
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Satisfied            22%    38%    45%    39%    46%    42%    44%    17%    25%
Hear more details    72     58     52     53     49     53     51     77     72
DK/NA                 6      4      3      8      5      5      5      7      3
 
 
22. Do you think President Trump is telling the truth about his actions involving Ukraine, or not?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Telling truth    40%    89%     5%    33%    46%    35%    40%    56%
No                   53      7     92     56     47     59     54     38
DK/NA                 6      5      4     10      7      6      6      6
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Telling truth    31%    39%    48%    38%    52%    44%    48%    12%    27%
No                   62     55     47     55     41     51     46     81     65
DK/NA                 7      6      4      7      7      5      6      7      8
 
 
23. Do you think the Trump administration's withholding of U.S. aid to Ukraine was justified or not justified?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Justified            34%    77%     2%    30%    41%    28%    35%    47%
Not justified        52      9     90     56     46     58     53     38
DK/NA                14     15      8     14     13     15     11     14
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Justified            26%    32%    42%    34%    47%    37%    41%    12%    23%
Not justified        59     55     48     53     40     51     46     75     63
DK/NA                15     13     10     13     13     13     13     13     14
 
 
24. Do you think Senate Republicans are open minded about the impeachment process, or have they already made up their minds?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Open minded          16%    29%     3%    17%    16%    16%    14%    22%
Minds made up        76     62     92     75     77     75     78     71
DK/NA                 8      9      6      9      7      9      7      7
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Open minded          18%    11%    20%    14%    17%    20%    18%     7%    16%
Minds made up        76     81     75     75     77     72     75     84     75
DK/NA                 6      8      6     10      6      8      7      9      9
 
 
25. Do you think Senate Democrats are open minded about the impeachment process, or have they already made up their minds?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Open minded          15%     3%    28%    13%    13%    17%    14%    11%
Minds made up        79     95     65     82     82     76     81     85
DK/NA                 6      2      7      5      4      7      6      4
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Open minded          12%    15%    15%    16%    12%    13%    13%    30%    16%
Minds made up        83     82     79     75     84     81     83     62     77
DK/NA                 5      2      5      9      4      6      5      8      7
 
 
26. Do you think President Trump abused his power regarding his actions involving Ukraine, or not?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Abused power     54%     5%    94%    57%    46%    60%    54%    38%
No                   42     92      2     39     49     36     43     59
DK/NA                 4      3      3      4      5      4      3      4
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Abused power     63%    55%    49%    54%    40%    51%    46%    84%    70%
No                   34     38     48     42     56     46     51     13     24
DK/NA                 4      6      3      4      4      3      4      4      7
 
 
27. Do you think President Trump obstructed Congress regarding its investigation of his actions involving Ukraine, or not?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Obstructed       52%     5%    92%    53%    45%    58%    53%    35%
No                   42     89      3     38     48     36     42     59
DK/NA                 7      5      5      9      7      6      5      6
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Obstructed       58%    53%    47%    53%    38%    49%    44%    80%    69%
No                   35     39     48     42     56     46     51      8     25
DK/NA                 7      9      5      5      6      5      5     12      6
 
 
28. Do you think the impeachment charges against President Trump are more serious, less serious, or about as serious as the charges made against President Clinton in the Monica Lewinsky matter?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
More serious         51%    12%    87%    47%    44%    57%    53%    36%
Less serious         29     61      3     25     33     24     30     39
About as serious     14     16      6     21     16     11     12     16
DK/NA                 7     10      4      7      6      8      5      8
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
More serious         52%    57%    48%    51%    38%    51%    45%    77%    52%
Less serious         20     23     36     32     38     31     35      8     19
About as serious     22     16     12      7     18     11     14     10     21
DK/NA                 6      4      3     10      6      8      7      5      7
 
 
29. Do you think the impeachment charges against President Trump are more serious, less serious, or about as serious as the charges made against President Nixon in Watergate?
                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
More serious         24%     4%    46%    20%    20%    28%    25%    17%
Less serious         40     73     10     43     48     32     41     51
About as serious     27     11     39     29     23     30     27     22
DK/NA                 9     13      5      9      8     10      6     10
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
More serious         14%    24%    25%    35%    18%    23%    21%    44%    25%
Less serious         40     35     44     39     55     39     46     11     32
About as serious     39     31     24     20     20     29     25     35     33
DK/NA                 7      9      7      7      7      9      8     10     10
 
 
30. (Adults) Which team do you want to win the Super Bowl: the Kansas City Chiefs, the San Francisco 49ers, or don't you care who wins the Super Bowl?
                     ADULTS...................................................
                                          AGE IN YRS..............    Watching
                     Tot    Men    Wom    18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Game q31
 
Chiefs               26%    31%    21%    20%    26%    34%    26%    38%
49ers                21     22     21     23     24     20     17     30
Don't care           50     45     55     54     48     43     54     30
DK/NA                 3      2      3      2      2      3      3      1
 
                     REGION...................
                     NEast  MWest  South  West
 
Chiefs               26%    32%    27%    18%
49ers                18     13     17     39
Don't care           52     54     53     39
DK/NA                 4      1      3      4
 
                     HAVE TEAM PREFERENCE Q30.................................
                                          AGE IN YRS..............    Watching
                     Tot    Men    Wom    18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Game q31
 
Chiefs               55%    59%    49%    46%    52%    63%    61%    56%
49ers                45     41     51     54     48     37     39     44
 
                     REGION...................
                     NEast  MWest  South  West
 
Chiefs               59%    71%    61%    32%
49ers                41     29     39     68
 
 
31. (Adults) Do you plan to watch the Super Bowl, or not?
                     ADULTS.......................................
                                          AGE IN YRS..............
                     Tot    Men    Wom    18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes                  56%    65%    47%    50%    59%    63%    56%
No                   41     32     48     48     37     34     40
DK/NA                 4      3      5      3      4      3      4
 
                     REGION...................
                     NEast  MWest  South  West
 
Yes                  62%    53%    55%    54%
No                   34     45     41     41
DK/NA                 3      3      4      6
 
                     HAVE TEAM PREFERENCE Q30.....................
                                          AGE IN YRS..............
                     Tot    Men    Wom    18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes                  81%    86%    75%    74%    79%    88%    84%
No                   15     12     19     21     19     10     13
DK/NA                 4      2      6      5      2      2      3
 
                     REGION...................
                     NEast  MWest  South  West
 
Yes                  88%    78%    85%    73%
No                    8     19     11     21
DK/NA                 3      3      3      6
 
TREND: (Adults) Do you plan to watch the Super Bowl, or not?
                     ADULTS...............
                     Yes     No      DK/NA
 
Jan 28, 2020         56      41       4
Feb 05, 2016         65      31       4