October 11, 2016 - Big Racial Gap As Americans Say No To Anthem Protests, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Blacks Disapprove Of Cops, But Like Cops They Know Quinnipiac University Polling Logo
PDF format
Sample and Methodology detail

Despite a 4-1 approval among black adults, all American adults disapprove 54 - 38 percent of athletes refusing to stand during the National Anthem in protest of perceived police violence against the black community, according to a Quinnipiac University national poll released today.

White adults disapprove of the protests 63 - 30 percent, as black adults approve 74 - 17 percent, the independent Quinnipiac (KWIN-uh-pe-ack) University Poll finds.

There is a similar racial split on police in general as whites approve 70 - 20 percent of the way "police in the U.S. are doing their job," while black Americans disapprove 67 - 24 percent.

But blacks approve 68 - 25 percent of the way "police in your community are doing their job." Whites approve 88 - 8 percent of their local police.

With 4-1 disapproval among blacks, all Americans disapprove by a narrow 50 - 46 percent of the "stop and frisk" police tactic. Whites approve by a slim 51 - 45 percent, while black adults disapprove 78 - 20 percent.

There is very little racial divide as all Americans say 73 - 21 percent that police should not violate civil liberties to prevent crime. Black adults defend civil liberties 83 - 13 percent and whites defend civil liberties 71 - 23 percent.

"There is a profound racial divide over athletes who refuse to stand for the National Anthem and deep differences over whether the police can be trusted," said Tim Malloy, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Poll.

"But no matter what race is surveyed, Americans believe police should not violate civilians' civil liberties to prevent crime.

"On the controversial tactic of stop and frisk, in which some believe civil rights are abused, voters are split.

"The message from Americans: The cop you know is the cop you trust."

Among all American adults, 50 percent see police as friends, while 6 percent see police as enemies and 42 percent don't think of police as friends or enemies. Among whites, 59 percent see police as friends, while 4 percent see them as enemies and 35 percent say "neither." Among black adults, 27 percent see police as friends, with 12 percent saying "enemies" and 57 percent saying "neither."

The "police you know" factor is seen in other questions as well:
  • 82 percent of black Americans say "police in the U.S. are generally...tougher on blacks than whites," while 11 percent of blacks say police treat everyone the same.
  • 56 percent of blacks say "police in your community are generally...tougher on blacks," while 36 percent of blacks say they treat everyone the same.
  • 72 percent of black adults say "police in the U.S. generally use excessive force against minority suspects," while 20 percent say police in the U.S. generally use "the appropriate amount of force."
  • 45 percent of blacks say "police in your own community generally use excessive force against minority suspects," while 47 percent say police use the "appropriate amount of force."
A total of 72 percent of all Americans say police brutality is a "very serious" or "somewhat serious" problem. A total of 95 percent of black adults say police brutality is a "very serious" or "somewhat serious" problem. A total of 66 percent of whites say it's "very serious" or "somewhat serious."

Only 10 percent of white adults say police brutality is something they personally worry about, compared to 57 percent of black Americans.

By a 67 - 25 percent margin, Americans say police should clear streets blocked by protestors, even if it means arresting protestors. Whites say clear the streets 70 - 22 percent. Black adults say clear the streets 51 - 41 percent.

From October 7-9, Quinnipiac University surveyed 1,391 adults nationwide with a margin of error of +/- 2.6 percentage points. Live interviewers call landlines and cell phones. The survey includes an oversample of black respondents, weighted to their correct share of the population, for a total of 249 black adults with a margin of error of +/- 6.2 percentage points.

The Quinnipiac University Poll, directed by Douglas Schwartz, Ph.D., conducts public opinion surveys in Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Florida, Ohio, Virginia, Iowa, Colorado, North Carolina, Georgia and the nation as a public service and for research.

Visit http://www.qu.edu/polling or www.facebook.com/quinnipiacpoll Call (203) 582-5201, or follow us on Twitter @QuinnipiacPoll.

1. In general, how satisfied are you with the way things are going in the nation today; are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Very satisfied        6%     2%     9%     6%     6%     6%     4%     9%    12%
Smwht satisfied      28     10     46     25     28     28     25     46     28
Smwht dissatisfied   24     26     22     25     26     23     25     23     28
Very dissatisfied    39     60     20     42     38     40     45     19     28
DK/NA                 2      1      2      2      2      2      1      2      3
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Very satisfied        4%    11%     7%     5%     6%     3%     8%    10%
Smwht satisfied      31     27     30     27     34     19     57     38
Smwht dissatisfied   34     24     17     17     23     26     20     26
Very dissatisfied    28     37     45     49     35     52     15     23
DK/NA                 3      1      1      2      2      1      -      3
 
 
2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the police in the United States are doing their job?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              60%    82%    44%    62%    62%    58%    70%    24%    52%
Disapprove           29     12     45     28     30     29     20     67     36
DK/NA                10      6     11     10      8     13     10      9     11
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Approve              49%    63%    63%    69%    70%    69%    26%    23%
Disapprove           41     30     25     17     22     19     62     70
DK/NA                10      7     11     14      9     12     12      7
 
 
3. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the police in your community are doing their job?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              81%    92%    77%    80%    82%    81%    88%    68%    71%
Disapprove           14      7     17     14     13     15      8     25     24
DK/NA                 5      1      6      7      5      4      4      8      5
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Approve              71%    81%    85%    90%    90%    87%    78%    60%
Disapprove           23     13     10      7      8      8     19     30
DK/NA                 6      5      5      3      2      4      4     11
 
 
4. Do you generally think of the police more as friends, more as enemies, or don't you think of them in either of these ways?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Friends              50%    69%    41%    46%    47%    52%    59%    27%    40%
Enemies               6      3      7      6      7      5      4     12      5
Neither              42     25     52     44     43     41     35     57     51
DK/NA                 3      3      1      3      3      2      2      3      4
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Friends              33%    48%    53%    70%    54%    63%    30%    26%
Enemies               9      8      4      2      3      5     10     13
Neither              56     40     41     26     40     31     58     56
DK/NA                 2      4      2      2      2      2      1      5
 
 
5. Which comes closer to your view: A) The police should take all steps necessary to prevent crime in the United States even if it means some of your basic civil liberties could be violated, or B) The police should take steps to prevent crime but not if those steps could violate your basic civil liberties?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
A) Take all steps    21%    31%    16%    22%    21%    22%    23%    13%    21%
B) Shouldn't violate 73     63     78     75     75     70     71     83     73
DK/NA                 6      5      6      4      5      7      6      3      6
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
A) Take all steps    15%    23%    22%    29%    17%    27%    11%    15%
B) Shouldn't violate 80     72     74     62     78     67     89     79
DK/NA                 5      5      4      9      5      7      -      6
 
 
6. Do you think the police in the United States are generally tougher on whites than on blacks, tougher on blacks than on whites, or do the police treat them both the same?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Tougher on whites     3%     2%     4%     3%     4%     3%     3%     3%     4%
Tougher on blacks    48     22     74     44     48     48     42     82     45
Treat them the same  40     68     18     43     41     39     47     11     37
DK/NA                 9      8      4     10      7     10      8      3     14
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Tougher on whites     4%     4%     2%     2%     3%     3%     5%     2%
Tougher on blacks    57     46     46     39     50     36     90     77
Treat them the same  31     43     40     53     39     53      4     16
DK/NA                 8      6     11      7      8      9      1      5
 
 
7. Do you think the police in your community are generally tougher on whites than on blacks, or tougher on blacks than on whites, or do the police treat them both the same?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Tougher on whites     2%     2%     2%     3%     3%     1%     2%     2%     2%
Tougher on blacks    26      9     41     23     26     25     19     56     27
Treat them the same  63     83     49     65     63     63     71     36     59
DK/NA                 8      6      9      9      7     10      8      5     12
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Tougher on whites     4%     2%     2%     1%     3%     1%     4%     1%
Tougher on blacks    34     30     22     14     29     11     55     56
Treat them the same  55     59     67     76     60     79     37     36
DK/NA                 7      9      9      9      8      8      3      6
 
 
8. When faced with a possible criminal situation, do you think police - in the United States generally use excessive force against minority suspects, or generally use the appropriate amount of force against minority suspects?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Excessive force      40%    15%    58%    39%    39%    41%    29%    72%    54%
Appropriate force    46     70     31     48     48     44     56     20     30
EXCESSIVE REGARDLESS
OF RACE(VOL)          3      5      3      1      3      4      4      1      2
DK/NA                11     11      8     12     10     12     11      7     14
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Excessive force      51%    38%    36%    30%    31%    27%    76%    68%
Appropriate force    39     46     50     55     55     58     19     22
EXCESSIVE REGARDLESS
OF RACE(VOL)          4      3      2      3      3      4      2      -
DK/NA                 6     12     12     12     11     11      3     10
 
 
9. When faced with a possible criminal situation, do you think police in - your own community generally use excessive force against minority suspects, or generally use the appropriate amount of force against minority suspects?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Excessive force      21%     7%    32%    22%    21%    22%    14%    45%    34%
Appropriate force    65     82     58     64     66     64     73     47     49
EXCESSIVE REGARDLESS
OF RACE(VOL)          3      4      1      4      3      3      3      2      2
DK/NA                11      7      9     10     10     11     10      7     15
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Excessive force      33%    19%    18%    11%    16%    12%    37%    49%
Appropriate force    52     67     71     75     73     73     57     40
EXCESSIVE REGARDLESS
OF RACE(VOL)          4      4      2      2      2      4      1      3
DK/NA                11     10      9     12      9     11      5      8
 
 
10. How serious a problem do you think police brutality is in the United States: a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not very serious, or not a problem at all?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Very serious         34%    14%    49%    31%    30%    38%    24%    69%    44%
Smwht serious        38     36     40     36     38     37     42     26     34
Not very serious     17     29      6     19     18     15     21      3     14
Not a problem at all  9     16      2     11     11      7     10      2      6
DK/NA                 3      5      2      3      2      4      4      1      2
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Very serious         43%    37%    30%    23%    27%    21%    72%    66%
Smwht serious        37     33     41     40     41     43     25     27
Not very serious     12     20     16     20     21     21      2      3
Not a problem at all  7      6     10     13      9     10      1      3
DK/NA                 -      4      3      4      2      5      -      1
 
 
11. Is being the victim of police brutality something you personally worry about or not?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes                  24%     8%    30%    27%    26%    21%    10%    57%    47%
No                   76     91     69     72     73     78     89     42     52
DK/NA                 1      -      1      1      1      1      -      1      1
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Yes                  30%    25%    23%    11%     9%    11%    56%    58%
No                   69     75     76     88     91     88     43     42
DK/NA                 2      -      1      1      -      1      1      -
 
 
12. Who do you think should investigate the case when a police officer kills someone, the local District Attorney or the State Attorney General?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
District Attorney    22%    38%    14%    20%    22%    23%    25%    12%    20%
State Attrny General 66     51     76     68     66     65     63     81     66
DK/NA                12     12     10     12     12     12     13      7     14
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
District Attorney    17%    16%    24%    36%    24%    25%    12%    12%
State Attrny General 70     73     66     50     68     59     79     81
DK/NA                13     11     10     15      8     16      9      6
 
 
13. As you may know, some athletes and sports teams have begun not standing during the national anthem in order to protest police violence against the black community in the United States. Do you approve or disapprove of this form of protest?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              38%     9%    63%    36%    38%    39%    30%    74%    36%
Disapprove           54     87     29     57     54     53     63     17     45
DK/NA                 8      4      7      8      8      8      6      9     19
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Approve              52%    40%    33%    25%    41%    23%    78%    71%
Disapprove           37     54     60     70     52     72     17     17
DK/NA                12      6      7      5      7      6      6     12
 
 
14. When protestors block traffic, but are not violent, do you think police should allow them to block traffic or do you think police should clear the street, even if that means arresting protestors?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Allow block traffic  25%     9%    36%    25%    20%    29%    22%    41%    28%
Clear street/Arrest  67     86     53     67     71     63     70     51     61
DK/NA                 9      4     11      8      9      8      8      8     11
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Allow block traffic  33%    26%    19%    18%    28%    18%    37%    43%
Clear street/Arrest  58     67     74     75     65     74     55     48
DK/NA                 9      7      7      7      7      8      8      9
 
 
15. As you may know, there is a police practice known as stop and frisk, where police stop and question a person they suspect of wrongdoing and, if necessary, search that person. Do you approve or disapprove of this police practice?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              46%    74%    24%    49%    43%    48%    51%    20%    43%
Disapprove           50     19     72     48     52     47     45     78     47
DK/NA                 4      7      4      3      4      5      4      2     10
 
                                                 WHITE......   BLACK......
                     AGE IN YRS..............    COLLEGE DEG   COLLEGE DEG
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Yes    No     Yes    No
 
Approve              35%    45%    51%    54%    43%    57%    15%    21%
Disapprove           62     50     45     40     53     39     84     75
DK/NA                 3      5      4      6      4      3      1      3