January 31, 2019 - Citizenship Question Will Reduce Census Response, New Yorkers Tell Quinnipiac University Poll; Most Expect Question Will Discourage Immigrants Quinnipiac University Polling Logo
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Undocumented immigrants and even legal residents who are not citizens would be discouraged from responding to a U.S. Census form if it includes a question asking people if they are citizens, New Yorkers say in a Quinnipiac University Poll released today.

A Census questionnaire asking residents if they are citizens is a "bad idea" New York City adults say 49 - 29 percent, including Democrats 61 - 20 percent and independents 45 - 32 percent. Republicans say 66 - 17 percent it's a "good idea."

From November 27 - December 4, the independent Quinnipiac (KWIN-uh-pe-ack) University Poll surveyed 1,339 New York City adults with a margin of error of +/- 3.4 percentage points, including the design effect. The survey asks New Yorkers if they were born in the U.S., but does not ask if they are citizens of the U.S. or their immigration status. Looking at the impact of adding a citizenship question to the Census, New Yorkers say:
  • 87 - 9 percent that undocumented immigrants would be discouraged from participating in the Census;
  • 61 - 30 percent that legal non-citizens would be discouraged;
  • 44 percent of all residents, including 45 percent of immigrants - people not born in the U.S. - know someone they believe would be discouraged from completing a Census form;
  • 15 percent of all residents, including 24 percent of immigrants, say they would be discouraged from completing a Census form. There are racial differences as 8 percent of whites, 12 percent of blacks and 25 percent of Hispanic residents would be discouraged.
"New Yorkers have a clear message for the federal government: if you want an accurate count of the population, don't ask a citizenship question," said Mary Snow, polling analyst for the Quinnipiac University Poll.

"Age, race and income seem to be the strongest factors that impact knowledge of and potential participation in the Census. In particular, Hispanic New Yorkers and young people seem much less certain about their household's participation in the 2020 Census."

In the first question which mentions the Census, 81 percent of New York City residents, including 68 percent of immigrants, say they've heard of the Census. This includes 68 percent of residents 18 to 34 years old, 95 percent of whites, 78 percent of blacks and 68 percent of Hispanic residents.

There are income and education differences in knowledge of the Census:
  • 64 percent of residents making less than $30,000 per year have heard of the Census, rising to 98 percent of residents making more than $100,000 per year;
  • 74 percent of those without a four-year degree have heard of the Census, compared to 94 percent of residents with a four-year college degree.
Some 64 percent of New Yorkers, including 57 percent of immigrants, say they or someone in their household definitely will complete a Census form. This includes 76 percent of whites, 65 percent of blacks and 50 percent of Hispanics.

Only 42 percent of residents 18 to 34 years old say they or someone in their household definitely will complete a Census form, compared to 82 percent of residents over 65 years old.

Another 25 percent, including 30 percent of immigrants, 20 percent of whites, 23 percent of blacks and 35 percent of Hispanics, say they probably will complete a Census form.

While 92 percent of residents say the Census is important for the U.S. and 92 percent say it's important for their community, only 44 percent of residents believe that sending in their Census form would benefit them in any way. Only 3 percent say completing the Census would harm them and 47 percent say it would neither benefit nor harm them.

Trust Confidentiality of Census Information

New York residents say 49 - 40 percent, including 52 - 35 percent among immigrants, that the U.S. Census Bureau will keep their information confidential. That includes 54 percent of whites, 41 percent of blacks and 51 percent of Hispanics.

But 65 percent of all residents, including 73 percent of immigrants, are concerned "about the privacy and security of their personal information" if they fill out a Census form online.

New Yorkers are divided on how they would like to fill out their Census form as 45 percent say they are most likely to use paper and 43 percent are most likely to complete the form online. Only 9 percent of all residents want to fill out a Census form on the phone with a Census representative.

"We may live in a digital age, but a plurality of New Yorkers still would prefer to complete the Census on paper. Whether it's concerns about security or about needing help with an online form, completing the Census online seems to be a riskier prospect for a number of New York City residents," Snow said.

Adults 18 to 34 years old prefer online to paper 62 - 25 percent. Adults over 65 years old prefer paper to online 72 - 17 percent.

They would need help filling out a Census form online, 19 percent of all residents say. That includes 31 percent of people over 65 years old, 29 percent of immigrants, 10 percent of whites, 23 percent of blacks and 31 percent of Hispanics.

The Quinnipiac University Poll, directed by Douglas Schwartz, Ph.D., conducts gold standard surveys using random digit dialing with live interviewers calling landlines and cell phones. The Quinnipiac University Poll conducts nationwide surveys and polls in more than a dozen states on national and statewide elections, as well as public policy issues.

Visit poll.qu.edu or www.facebook.com/quinnipiacpoll

Call (203) 582-5201, or follow us on Twitter @QuinnipiacPoll.

9. Have you ever heard of the United States Census, or have you not heard of this?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Heard            81%    90%    83%    79%    83%    79%    95%    78%    68%
No                   18      9     17     21     16     20      5     22     31
DK/NA                 -      1      -      -      -      -      -      -      1
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Heard            72%    89%    84%    75%    90%    68%    83%    90%    90%
No                   28     10     16     25      9     31     16     10      9
DK/NA                 -      1      -      -      1      -      -      -      -
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US..     
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Heard            64%    78%    90%    98%    94%    74%    88%    68%
No                   36     21     10      2      6     26     12     32 
DK/NA                 -      1      -      -      -      -      -      - 
 
 
10. The United States Constitution requires the government to conduct a census every 10 years, counting everyone who lives in the United States. I'd like to ask you some questions about the census. Even though the government is required to conduct a census, not everyone in the United States participates by filling out the census form. Some people are too busy or simply forget. How likely is it that you or someone in your household will fill out the census in 2020; would you say you or someone in your household will definitely fill it out, probably fill it out, possibly not fill it out, or definitely not fill it out?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Definitely           64%    61%    72%    60%    67%    62%    76%    65%    50%
Probably             25     26     22     26     21     28     20     23     35
Possibly not          7      7      5      9      7      6      4      5     10
Definitely not        3      3      1      5      3      3      -      6      3
DK/NA                 1      3      1      -      2      1      1      2      1
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Definitely           57%    69%    69%    60%    65%    42%    68%    80%    82%
Probably             24     23     24     29     21     39     21     14     14
Possibly not         14      4      4      7      7     11      7      3      2
Definitely not        3      3      1      4      6      5      4      2      -
DK/NA                 1      2      1      -      1      3      -      1      1
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Definitely           55%    62%    73%    78%    77%    57%    68%    57%
Probably             31     27     20     16     18     29     22     30 
Possibly not          9      4      5      3      3      9      6      8 
Definitely not        4      7      2      1      1      4      2      4 
DK/NA                 1      -      -      2      1      2      1      2 
 
 
11. Do you think that the census is important for the United States, or not?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Important        92%    94%    93%    93%    93%    91%    97%    91%    91%
No/Not important      5      5      4      6      5      6      3      7      5
DK/NA                 3      1      2      1      2      3      1      2      4
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Important        91%    92%    92%    93%    94%    91%    91%    95%    96%
No/Not important      7      5      5      5      6      6      7      4      2
DK/NA                 2      3      3      3      -      3      2      1      2
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Important        94%    89%    93%    94%    94%    91%    92%    94%
No/Not important      4      7      7      4      4      6      6      4 
DK/NA                 1      4      -      2      1      3      2      3 
 
 
12. Do you think that the census is important for your community, or not?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Important        92%    92%    95%    88%    93%    91%    94%    93%    93%
No/Not important      6      4      4     11      6      7      4      6      6
DK/NA                 2      4      2      1      1      2      2      1      2
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Important        91%    91%    93%    92%    95%    89%    95%    94%    95%
No/Not important      8      8      4      6      3      9      5      5      2
DK/NA                 1      2      2      2      2      2      1      1      3
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Important        94%    92%    91%    94%    93%    91%    91%    95%
No/Not important      5      7      8      5      5      7      8      3 
DK/NA                 1      1      1      1      2      2      2      2 
 
 
13. Do you believe that answering and sending back your census form would benefit you in any way, harm you in any way, or neither benefit nor harm you?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Benefit              44%    39%    49%    42%    46%    42%    46%    45%    40%
Harm                  3      2      3      3      2      3      1      3      4
Neither              47     54     43     49     46     49     45     46     49
DK/NA                 6      5      6      6      6      7      7      6      7
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Benefit              42%    49%    41%    41%    43%    34%    47%    52%    47%
Harm                  3      3      1      3      2      2      4      3      2
Neither              47     43     51     50     48     59     42     39     43
DK/NA                 8      6      7      6      7      6      7      5      8
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Benefit              38%    54%    50%    46%    50%    40%    42%    48%
Harm                  3      2      4      1      1      3      3      2 
Neither              52     39     43     49     44     49     49     42 
DK/NA                 7      5      3      4      4      8      6      8 
 
 
14. To the best of your knowledge, is the census used to determine the amount of federal funding that your community receives, or not?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes                  66%    61%    70%    64%    68%    64%    72%    65%    62%
No                   19     17     17     22     20     18     11     22     24
DK/NA                16     22     13     14     13     18     17     14     14
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes                  63%    66%    68%    66%    60%    51%    69%    74%    76%
No                   21     18     19     18     16     28     16     14     13
DK/NA                16     16     13     16     24     21     15     12     11
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes                  53%    67%    71%    72%    75%    60%    65%    67%
No                   26     18     18     13     12     23     19     18 
DK/NA                21     16     11     14     13     17     16     15 
 
 
15. To the best of your knowledge, is the census used to decide how many representatives each state will have in the U.S. House of Representatives, or not?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes                  65%    67%    68%    68%    70%    60%    75%    59%    59%
No                   20     18     17     21     19     20     12     23     25
DK/NA                16     15     15     12     11     19     14     18     16
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes                  58%    67%    69%    65%    57%    63%    56%    73%    72%
No                   21     20     16     19     23     23     23     14     14
DK/NA                22     13     15     15     19     14     21     13     15
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes                  57%    60%    73%    74%    75%    59%    67%    61%
No                   25     23     15     15     14     23     19     20 
DK/NA                18     17     11     11     11     18     14     19 
 
 
16. Do you believe that the U.S. Census Bureau will keep information that you share confidential, or don't you believe that?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Confidential     49%    46%    51%    48%    53%    46%    54%    41%    51%
No                   40     47     37     41     37     42     35     48     37
DK/NA                11      8     12     11     10     12     11     11     13
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Confidential     50%    50%    50%    48%    45%    51%    49%    49%    52%
No                   42     40     35     41     49     40     42     38     34
DK/NA                 8     11     15     11      6      9      9     14     14
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Confidential     52%    58%    46%    51%    50%    49%    48%    52%
No                   38     31     46     40     40     40     42     35 
DK/NA                10     11      9      9     10     12     10     13 
 
 
17. There are a couple different ways you can take the census in 2020. You can A) fill out a paper copy and mail it in with free postage, B) fill it out online, or C) fill it out over the phone with a census representative. Which of these methods would you be most likely to use to participate in the census?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Paper copy           45%    51%    45%    44%    45%    45%    50%    46%    42%
Online               43     36     44     44     45     41     43     40     42
On the phone          9     10      8      9      7     10      4     10     14
DK/NA                 3      3      2      2      3      3      3      4      3
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Paper copy           47%    44%    48%    41%    58%    25%    43%    55%    72%
Online               31     47     42     49     34     62     47     33     17
On the phone         18      6      8      8      5     10      8      8      8
DK/NA                 5      4      1      2      2      3      2      4      2
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Paper copy           46%    50%    46%    43%    42%    47%    47%    43%
Online               36     38     45     52     51     39     44     42 
On the phone         17      9      4      4      5     11      7     13 
DK/NA                 1      2      4      -      2      3      3      3 
 
 
18. Which of these methods would you be least likely to use to participate in the census?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Paper copy           23%    18%    20%    26%    22%    23%    14%    20%    32%
Online               22     28     21     21     20     24     24     20     22
On the phone         51     50     55     50     53     49     59     52     42
DK/NA                 4      4      4      4      4      4      3      7      5
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Paper copy           26%    20%    23%    25%    15%    33%    27%    15%     7%
Online               27     23     20     21     18     14     16     29     42
On the phone         38     53     54     49     66     50     56     52     42
DK/NA                10      4      3      4      1      3      2      4      9
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Paper copy           30%    20%    19%    20%    21%    24%    20%    27%
Online               23     29     25     15     17     25     21     24 
On the phone         44     47     51     63     59     45     55     43 
DK/NA                 3      4      5      2      3      5      4      5 
 
 
19. Would you say that it is easy for you to access the internet, or wouldn't you say so?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Easy             83%    78%    83%    88%    88%    79%    85%    80%    78%
No                   15     19     17     11     11     19     14     17     21
DK/NA                 1      3      1      1      1      2      1      3      1
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Easy             75%    83%    85%    87%    85%    90%    91%    82%    61%
No                   23     16     14     11     12     10      9     16     36
DK/NA                 1      1      1      1      3      -      -      2      3
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Easy             71%    81%    89%    98%    94%    77%    86%    78%
No                   28     17     10      2      5     21     13     20 
DK/NA                 1      2      1      -      -      2      1      2 
 
 
20. Do you think you would be able to fill out the census online by yourself, or would you need help?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Able             78%    76%    77%    84%    80%    75%    87%    73%    66%
Need help            19     21     19     14     16     22     10     23     31
DK/NA                 3      3      4      2      4      3      3      4      3
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Able             68%    82%    81%    75%    81%    84%    81%    78%    62%
Need help            28     16     15     21     15     15     16     19     31
DK/NA                 5      2      4      3      4      1      3      2      7
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Able             62%    73%    89%    93%    93%    69%    83%    69%
Need help            36     23      7      4      4     28     14     29 
DK/NA                 2      4      3      2      3      3      3      3 
 
 
21. If you were to fill out the census online, would you be concerned about the privacy and security of your personal information, or not?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Concerned        65%    68%    60%    66%    62%    67%    53%    69%    71%
No                   32     30     37     31     36     29     43     28     26
DK/NA                 3      2      4      3      3      4      4      3      2
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Concerned        74%    58%    61%    69%    68%    63%    66%    67%    63%
No                   25     38     36     28     29     35     31     31     32
DK/NA                 1      4      3      3      3      1      3      2      5
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Concerned        75%    67%    63%    51%    54%    71%    61%    73%
No                   23     29     35     46     42     26     36     24 
DK/NA                 2      4      2      3      4      3      3      3 
 
 
22. (Intro q22-28: Thinking about ways in which you may or may not be encouraged to participate in the 2020 Census, please tell me how each of the following may or may not impact your participation. As I read each one, please let me know if it would make you more likely to participate or if it would make no difference in whether or not you chose to participate.) If you heard that it was important to participate - on social media, would that make you more likely to participate in the census, or wouldn't it make a difference in whether or not you chose to participate in the census?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/More likely      29%    20%    34%    21%    28%    29%    17%    28%    34%
No difference        67     79     62     73     67     67     79     64     63
DK/NA                 4      2      4      6      4      4      4      8      3
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/More likely      33%    27%    26%    31%    21%    36%    32%    21%    19%
No difference        63     69     68     64     77     60     66     75     72
DK/NA                 3      5      5      5      2      4      2      4      9
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/More likely      33%    31%    29%    23%    24%    31%    25%    35%
No difference        64     65     66     75     72     65     70     61 
DK/NA                 3      4      5      1      4      5      5      4 
 
 
23. If you heard that it was important to participate - in the newspaper, would that make you more likely to participate in the census, or wouldn't it make a difference in whether or not you chose to participate in the census?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/More likely      30%    26%    32%    31%    29%    30%    29%    25%    34%
No difference        68     72     66     66     69     67     68     73     64
DK/NA                 2      2      2      4      2      3      3      2      2
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/More likely      31%    29%    29%    32%    24%    35%    30%    26%    26%
No difference        67     68     68     66     74     63     68     73     70
DK/NA                 2      3      3      1      2      3      2      1      4
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/More likely      36%    28%    30%    27%    30%    30%    28%    33%
No difference        63     71     68     71     68     67     69     64 
DK/NA                 1      1      2      2      3      2      2      3 
 
 
24. If you heard that it was important to participate - on TV, would that make you more likely to participate in the census, or wouldn't it make a difference in whether or not you chose to participate in the census?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/More likely      32%    20%    35%    29%    33%    31%    24%    32%    39%
No difference        65     79     61     68     64     66     72     66     60
DK/NA                 3      1      4      3      3      3      4      2      1
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/More likely      39%    27%    28%    38%    19%    32%    37%    25%    29%
No difference        59     69     68     58     80     65     60     70     67
DK/NA                 2      3      4      4      1      3      3      4      4
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/More likely      34%    33%    33%    25%    30%    33%    28%    40%
No difference        62     66     65     70     67     64     69     56 
DK/NA                 4      1      3      4      3      3      3      3 
 
 
25. If you heard that it was important to participate - at your local library, would that make you more likely to participate in the census, or wouldn't it make a difference in whether or not you chose to participate in the census?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/More likely      36%    22%    37%    39%    36%    37%    28%    36%    41%
No difference        61     77     60     59     62     61     71     61     57
DK/NA                 2      1      2      2      3      2      1      3      2
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/More likely      45%    30%    33%    43%    26%    39%    44%    34%    23%
No difference        53     68     64     55     71     59     54     65     74
DK/NA                 3      2      3      2      3      3      1      1      3
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/More likely      44%    37%    34%    31%    35%    37%    31%    47%
No difference        55     59     65     66     63     60     67     51 
DK/NA                 1      4      -      3      2      3      2      2 
 
 
26. If you heard that it was important to participate - from a local non-profit organization that works in your community, would that make you more likely to participate in the census, or wouldn't it make a difference in whether or not you chose to participate in the census?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/More likely      46%    34%    50%    44%    43%    48%    47%    49%    43%
No difference        51     64     48     55     55     48     51     48     54
DK/NA                 3      1      3      2      2      3      2      3      3
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/More likely      47%    51%    45%    45%    25%    54%    51%    37%    37%
No difference        49     47     54     52     72     43     47     61     60
DK/NA                 4      2      1      3      3      3      2      2      3
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/More likely      48%    55%    49%    39%    45%    46%    44%    51%
No difference        48     44     50     59     53     51     54     45 
DK/NA                 4      1      1      1      2      3      2      3 
 
 
27. If you heard that it was important to participate - from religious leaders in your community, would that make you more likely to participate in the census, or wouldn't it make a difference in whether or not you chose to participate in the census?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/More likely      28%    34%    30%    22%    26%    30%    30%    27%    33%
No difference        68     63     67     74     71     66     68     68     64
DK/NA                 4      3      3      4      4      4      3      5      3
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/More likely      32%    35%    20%    26%    22%    28%    32%    26%    25%
No difference        64     61     76     72     72     68     67     69     72
DK/NA                 4      3      4      3      6      4      1      5      3
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/More likely      29%    40%    28%    19%    23%    31%    26%    33%
No difference        67     58     69     78     74     64     72     61 
DK/NA                 4      2      3      3      3      4      2      6 
 
 
28. If you heard that it was important to participate - from a local political representative, would that make you more likely to participate in the census, or wouldn't it make a difference in whether or not you chose to participate in the census?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/More likely      35%    30%    37%    31%    36%    34%    36%    33%    36%
No difference        62     68     59     67     62     63     62     63     62
DK/NA                 3      2      3      2      2      4      2      4      2
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/More likely      34%    42%    31%    33%    21%    41%    36%    30%    28%
No difference        63     57     66     63     76     57     62     67     68
DK/NA                 3      2      3      4      3      2      2      3      4
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/More likely      36%    36%    38%    31%    35%    34%    33%    40%
No difference        61     62     61     67     63     62     65     56 
DK/NA                 3      2      1      2      2      4      2      5 
 
 
29. As you may know, the U.S. Census attempts to count all people living in the United States, whether they are citizens or not and whether they are in the U.S. legally or not. Right now, the federal government is planning to add a question to the 2020 Census asking whether or not the person participating in the census is a citizen of the United States. Do you think adding a citizenship question to the census is a good idea or a bad idea, or haven't you heard enough about it?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Good idea            29%    66%    20%    32%    37%    22%    39%    22%    22%
Bad idea             49     17     61     45     44     53     48     49     48
Haven't heard enough 19     15     18     20     17     22     11     23     29
DK/NA                 3      2      2      3      3      4      2      6      2
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Good idea            34%    29%    22%    27%    43%    23%    28%    32%    35%
Bad idea             40     53     60     46     29     52     49     52     45
Haven't heard enough 22     14     17     24     26     23     22     13     15
DK/NA                 4      4      1      3      3      3      1      3      5
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Good idea            26%    26%    32%    30%    26%    30%    32%    23%
Bad idea             44     53     49     58     58     43     49     50 
Haven't heard enough 27     20     16     11     13     23     17     24 
DK/NA                 3      1      3      1      2      4      3      3 
 
 
30. Would a citizenship question discourage you from participating in the census, or not?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Discourage       15%     6%    17%    16%    13%    17%     8%    12%    25%
No                   84     94     82     83     85     82     90     86     74
DK/NA                 2      -      1      1      2      1      1      1      2
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Discourage       18%    16%    11%    16%     8%    20%    18%    10%     9%
No                   81     83     86     82     91     79     81     89     89
DK/NA                 1      1      2      2      1      1      1      1      3
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Discourage       20%    20%    11%     8%    12%    17%    10%    24%
No                   77     80     89     91     87     81     89     73 
DK/NA                 2      -      1      1      1      2      1      3 
 
 
31. Do you know someone who you believe would be discouraged from participating in the census by a citizenship question, or not?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Know someone     44%    29%    51%    42%    45%    43%    42%    42%    48%
No                   52     64     45     55     51     52     54     53     48
DK/NA                 4      7      4      3      4      4      4      4      4
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Know someone     37%    49%    49%    43%    25%    44%    54%    47%    31%
No                   61     45     49     53     71     55     42     50     61
DK/NA                 2      6      3      4      4      1      3      3      8
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Know someone     38%    40%    43%    61%    53%    39%    44%    45%
No                   59     57     52     36     44     56     52     50 
DK/NA                 2      3      5      3      3      4      4      5 
 
 
32. Do you think that legal residents of the United States who are not citizens would be discouraged from participating in the census by a citizenship question, or not?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Discouraged      61%    50%    67%    60%    58%    64%    66%    65%    57%
No                   30     43     24     30     33     27     27     23     37
DK/NA                 9      7      9      9      9      9      7     12      6
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Discouraged      58%    63%    65%    59%    52%    62%    62%    63%    61%
No                   32     29     26     33     36     32     31     31     25
DK/NA                10      8      8      8     12      6      7      6     14
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Discouraged      54%    62%    63%    70%    68%    57%    67%    51%
No                   37     32     32     23     28     32     26     39 
DK/NA                 9      6      5      7      4     11      7     10 
 
 
33. Do you think that undocumented immigrants would be discouraged from participating in the census by a citizenship question, or not?
                     ADULTS.....................................................
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Discouraged      87%    87%    90%    86%    86%    88%    89%    91%    88%
No                    9      8      6     11      9      9      7      4      8
DK/NA                 4      6      4      3      6      3      5      5      3
 
                     AREA.............................  AGE IN YRS..............
                     Brnx   Bklyn  Man    Qns    StIsl  18-34  35-49  50-64  65+
 
Yes/Discouraged      88%    88%    88%    85%    80%    87%    87%    90%    86%
No                    8      7      7     12     12     10     10      6      6
DK/NA                 5      4      5      3      8      3      3      4      8
 
                     ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  4 YEAR DEG    BORN US.. 
                     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  Yes    No     Yes    No 
 
Yes/Discouraged      84%    84%    90%    92%    92%    84%    90%    82%
No                   13     13      7      4      6     11      7     13 
DK/NA                 3      3      3      4      2      5      4      5